Original REAL Photograph Postcard SET. Espanola, Ontario, Canada ca 1910. For offer - a nice old postcard. Fresh from a local estate in Upstate NY.Never offered on the market until now. Please see my other listings for more postcards. Vintage, Old, antique, Original - NOT a Reproduction - Guaranteed!! One scene shows construction, with railroad train of Canadian Pacific RR. In good to very good condition. A few spots of staining, light edge wear, and small ding / rip to bottom edge of one. If you collect 20th century Canadian / Americana history, postcards, etc. This is a nice lot for your paper or ephemera collection. Espanola (2016 census population 4,996) is a town in Northern Ontario, Canada, in the Sudbury District. It is situated on the Spanish River, approximately 70 kilometres west of downtown Sudbury, and just south of the junction of Highway 6 and Highway 17.
The town is where the first experimental rules for the sport of ringette were created in 1963 by Mirl Arthur "Red" McCarthy using a group of local high school girls. Today Espanola is considered "The Home of Ringette" while North Bay, Ontario is considered the "Birthplace of Ringette" though the title of "birthplace of ringette" is often shared by both.The name "Espanola" has been attributed to a story which dates back to the mid 18th century. The story goes that a First Nations Ojibwa tribe met a man who had travelled far from Spain. The Spanish man named Frise Espagnol married a local Anishinaabe (First Nations) of a family living near the mouth of the river and he taught her and their children to speak Spanish. Later, when the French voyageurs and coureurs des bois came upon the settlement and heard fragments of Spanish spoken by the local natives, they remarked "Espagnole", which had been later anglicized to "Espanola", and the river was named the Spanish River. Spanish River Pulp & Paper Company, ON, about 1927.
Espanola was founded in the early 1900s as a company town for the employees of the Spanish River Pulp and Paper company, a subsidiary of the Mead Corporation, which opened a pulp and paper mill there. The town expanded quickly becoming a bustling company town with a hotel, school and theatre. On January 21, 1910, a Canadian Pacific Railway passenger train derailed off a trestle 10 km. Forty-three people died from the railcar's 27-foot plunge into the icy water of the Spanish River. It was one of the CPR's worst railway accidents. Changing economic conditions brought on by the Great Depression forced the closure of the Spanish River facility in 1929. Espanola became a ghost town until the Second World War, when the mill site became a camp for German prisoners of war. During the final years of the Hepburn government, it sought to stimulate employment in Northern Ontario in order to stabilize its political position.  In that regard, it encouraged negotiations between Abitibi and Kalamazoo Vegetable Parchment Company of Parchment, Michigan which resulted in the sale of Abitibi's Spanish River facility (at that time its largest non-economic asset) in 1943.  It subsequently resumed operation as the KVP Company, producing specialty kraft paper.
In 1948, KVP was sued for nuisance in allowing noxious effluent to be discharged into the Spanish River, and an injunction was issued barring it from making any further discharge.  The order was appealed all the way to the Supreme Court of Canada without success. In 1950, the injunction was dissolved by an Act of the provincial legislature, which provided for any subsequent disputes with KVP to be taken to arbitration,  which, together with other legislative changes,  effectively curtailed chances for any further injunctions to be issued. The 1950 Act was not repealed until 2006. The 1950 Act effectively gave KVP a limited licence to pollute, and serious cleanup efforts did not happen until the 1980s. In 1966 KVP was bought by Brown Forest Industries, a division of Charles Bluhdorn's industrial conglomerate Gulf and Western Industries. Eddy, who operated the mill until June 1998.
Now owned by Domtar, it continues to be the town's largest employer. Espanola got some negative press in the early 1980s when the mill accidentally discharged toxic effluent into the Spanish River, killing fish by the thousands. The spill acted like a flush, and when the fish came back a few years later, they were reportedly untainted and thriving, although the toxic smell still remained.Now the mill is said to be one of the most stringent "zero-emissions" pulp bleaching processes in the world, and the area below the Spanish River Dam is a designated fish sanctuary. Espanola was officially incorporated as a town on March 1, 1958. The 1969 CBC Television series Adventures in Rainbow Country was filmed near Espanola, near the small First Nations community of Birch Island and at Whitefish Falls.
The series starred Lois Maxwell, the actress who played "Miss Moneypenny" in Bond films such as Dr. Canadian-born, she was a long-time resident of the town. In 2001, a group of volunteers staged a fundraiser for the local hospital by attempting to set a world record for the world's longest ice hockey game. They were successful, playing for over three days straight.
The record was broken in April 2004 in nearby Sudbury, where the teams played for six hours longer. Currently, the record holders are team Hope and team Cure from Sherwood Park near Edmonton, Alberta, who played for 250 hours (10 days). Ethnically, Espanola is 87% European, 11.5% Indigenous, and 1.5% Visible Minority (mostly Chinese and South Asian). English (82.5%) and French (12.9%) are the most commonly spoken languages.
Smaller numbers of residents speak Italian, Ojibwe (Anishinaabemowin) and Cantonese. Canada census Espanola, Ontario community profile.
4,996 (-6.9% from 2011). 5,364 (+0.9% from 2006).
82.82 km2 (31.98 sq mi). 8.44 km2 (3.26 sq mi). 48.0 (M: 48.1, F: 47.9). 46.5 (M: 46.0, F: 47.1).References: 2016 2011 earlier. Highway 6 is routed through Espanola, with its junction with Highway 17 just to the north, across the Spanish River in Baldwin township near McKerrow.
It also connects Espanola with communities to the south along the way to Manitoulin Island, reaching its land terminus at South Baymouth before continuing on the other side of Lake Huron starting at Tobermory and passing through a number of Southern Ontario communities before reaching its ultimate southern terminus of Port Dover. Historically, Espanola was a station stop along the Algoma Eastern Railway (AER) and featured a distinctive station and water tower (built in 1911) which were similar to other AER stations such as the one in McKerrow. It marked the first major stop after the AER line turned south toward Manitoulin Island and its ultimate terminus at Little Current. After the financially troubled AER was acquired by the CPR, the portion of the line continuing south from the junction at McKerrow was maintained as the CPR Little Current Subdivision and saw regular passenger traffic, especially due to the difficulties in crossing the Spanish River before a modern highway bridge was constructed in the 1960s.In 1943, the Espanola station was served by a single southbound and single northbound passenger train per day, with a travel time of just over two hours to Sudbury.  The approximately 50-year-old water tower was demolished in 1960 as a part of the CPR's final switch from steam to diesel trains. In 1963, passenger service along the spur line was discontinued, though passengers were still able to board CP's iconic Budd cars at the Webbwood and McKerrow stations until service along the Sault Ste. Marie line was also discontinued in 1976, cutting off Espanola's access to passenger rail for the first time in its history.
The historic Algoma Eastern Railway station was demolished shortly after in the mid-1980s. In 2018, Ontario Northland announced a major service expansion west of Sudbury, which included Espanola.  Passengers may board buses headed to Sault Ste. A segment of the Great Lakes Waterfront Trail runs through Espanola.
 It approaches the town from the direction of the rural area of Lee Valley to the west. In downtown Espanola, the trail forks, with one section going to the north, where it bypasses McKerrow to the south on the way to Nairn and Sudbury, and the other going south toward Manitoulin, where it eventually connects to the Bruce Trail via ferry to the Bruce Peninsula. Both directions partially follow a paved shoulder along Highway 6, as well as on-street and off-street sections around the town. Espanola's three primary schools, A. Ellis Public School, Sacred Heart School (Roman Catholic), and École St.Joseph (French Roman Catholic), and two secondary schools, Espanola High School and École secondaire catholique Franco-Ouest, service the local students, as well as those from surrounding communities such as Massey, Webbwood, McKerrow, Nairn Centre, Willisville, Whitefish Falls, Walford and Birch Island. In 1999 a modern recreation complex was constructed, replacing the aging arena and community swimming pool. In addition, Espanola has a public library.
Espanola has had four Junior A hockey teams throughout the town's history. The first was the Espanola Screaming Eagles which were founded in 1962 in the Northern Ontario Junior Hockey Association and won the league title the same year.The team moved to the Northern Ontario Junior Hockey League in 1972 when the NOJHA disbanded and stayed there until 2003 when the team relocated to Sault Ste. Marie, Michigan where they are now known as the Soo Eagles in the same league.
The town's second team was the Espanola Kings which were founded in 2007 in the Greater Metro Junior A Hockey League. The third team was the Espanola Rivermen which were founded in 2013 in the NOJHL. However, the team lasted one season in the league before relocating to the newly formed Canadian International Hockey League. The team folded in 2015 after the league disbanded after one season. The fourth team is the Espanola Express which were founded in 2015 in the NOJHL.
The team is still active in the league today. FM 94.1 - CKNR, variety. FM 94.9 - CBON-7, Première Chaîne.FM 99.3 - CJJM, variety. Other radio station signals are received out of Manitoulin Island, Elliot Lake and Sudbury. Former television stations which operated in the Espanola and area prior to the analog shutdown in 2012 which can only be received via cable or satellite. Channel 49: CICO-TV-71, TVOntario (Lee Valley).
One of the last operating analog television signals which can reach the Espanola area is CICI-TV (CTV) channel 5 out of Sudbury. Espanola is home to the Mid-North Monitor, a weekly community newspaper.
Espanola is a pivotal location in The Marrow Thieves, a Young-Adult Novel' written by Charlie Dimaline. NHLers/AHLers Art Gauthier, Leo Lamoureux and Al Secord.
Mirl Arthur "Red" McCarthy became the co-founder of the sport of ringette in 1963 while he was the area's recreation director. Former Canadian steeplechase record-holder Greg Duhaime was born here.
Jim Gordon, a longtime mayor of Sudbury, lived in Espanola for a number of years in the 1960s and served on the town council before moving to Sudbury. Lois Maxwell, played Miss Moneypenny in the James Bond films and starred in Adventures in Rainbow Country, filmed, partly, in Espanola. List of towns in Ontario. List of townships in Ontario.
List of francophone communities in Ontario. List of population centres in Ontario. List of municipalities in Ontario.Abitibi Power and Paper Company Limited was a forest products business based in Montreal, Quebec, that was founded in 1914. The firm was a mainstay of the Canadian newsprint industry in the first half of the 20th century, and now forms part of Abitibi-Consolidated. Abitibi mill at Iroquois Falls (1930). Abitibi Pulp and Paper Mills Ltd. Was provincially incorporated on December 4, 1912, at Iroquois Falls, Ontario on the Abitibi River by Frank Harris Anson, who received initial financing from Shirley Ogilvie, heir to the Ogilvie Flour Mills fortune.
 On February 9, 1914, it was reorganized as the Abitibi Power and Paper Co. Which was incorporated under the Dominion Companies Act, in order to raise adequate capital for its plant and operations and to transfer its head office to Montreal.  Its formation coincided with the passage of the Underwood Tariff in the United States, which allowed free trade for newsprint and prompted a northward rush from US publishers wanting to secure a cheap supply from Canada. Frank Harris Anson, founder of Abitibi.
Its expansion was greatly aided in 1919 when Howard Ferguson, Ontario's Minister of Lands and Forests, approved the reservation of 1,500 square miles (3,885 km2) of pulpwood on Crown land for Abitibi's use.  Ferguson declared, My ambition has been to see the largest paper industry in the world established in the Province, and my attitude towards the pulp and paper industry has been directed towards assisting in bringing this about.
 After becoming Premier of Ontario in 1923, Ferguson reserved a further 3,000 square miles (7,770 km2) to Abitibi. Spanish River Pulp and Paper Mills at Espanola (1927).
The company expanded to other locations in Ontario where it also built dams and operated hydro electric power stations. Integration of pulp and paper operations was encouraged by Anson's business partner, Alexander Smith, who became Abitibi's president upon Anson's death in 1923.
 Wherever the company built a mill, a new town sprang up around it and it even built radio stations such as CFCH in Iroquois Falls to serve these remote new communities. Abitibi did not maintain a sales force, relying on the Mead Corporation to handle all marketing initiatives in the US. Changing economic conditions forced the closure of the Spanish River facility in 1929. Abitibi's power operations were further extended after 1926, when the Ferguson government gave its approval for the development of the Abitibi Canyon, the largest such development since the Niagara River, in preference to incurring more debt for Ontario Hydro.  Questions were asked at the time as to how the additional 100,000 horsepower (75,000 kW) in capacity would be used, as there were virtually no customers for it.
 Along with other paper manufacturers in Canada, Abitibi Power and Paper Company operated at 75% capacity in 1929.  During the Great Depression, Manitoba Paper Mills, a subsidiary located in Pine Falls, Manitoba, was forced to close.
 Abitibi was forced to run its mills at 28.4% of capacity in 1932 and 26.8% in 1933,  as well as suspending its dividend payments. Abitibi defaulted on its mortgage bond interest payments on June 1, 1932, and was placed in receivership. Many leases on its timber concessions were also expiring around the same time.  On September 26, 1932, the company was declared insolvent under the Winding-Up Act and a provisional liquidator was appointed. Beginning in 1933, legislation was passed to allow Ontario Hydro to take control of several Abitibi power developments. [a] Certain dealings relating to the 1933 acquisition came to be known as the "great Abitibi swindle, " which resulted in the fall of the Henry government in the 1934 Ontario election, to be succeeded by that of Mitchell Hepburn. The Legislative Assembly of Ontario passed legislation in 1935 in order to bypass any subsequent application of the Companies' Creditors Arrangement Act.
[b] A liquidator was appointed on December 20, 1935. In addition, as any refinancing would be contingent upon reinstatement of Abitibi's timber limits, further legislation was passed to allow this to occur, subject to approval by the courts and the Lieutenant-Governor in Council.
 Hepburn felt this to be necessary in order to assure that any reorganization coincided with public policy, unlike what had happened in Quebec between Price Brothers Limited and the Taschereau administration.  In March 1939, an order in council was passed that declared that any scheme receiving court approval would be considered acceptable to the government.  When the Second World War broke out later in the year, and with public sentiment almost unanimous against foreclosure, the government withdrew its support but failed to rescind the order.  Despite subsequent threats by Hepburn to cancel Abitibi's timber rights, a judicial sale of Abitibi's assets was ordered in 1940.
Hepburn appointed a royal commission to investigate the matter, in order to determine the best course of resolution.  The Legislative Assembly imposed a moratorium in 1941, [c] which was ultimately upheld by the Judicial Committee of the Privy Council in 1943. [d] The Commission's recommended plan was accepted by all creditors,  but only after they accepted that prior consent would be required from the Province for any changes to Abitibi's production and conservation measures,  and it would emerge from receivership on April 30, 1946one of the longest such receiverships in Canadian history, which was seen to have been extended by the Ontario government's actions which ensured protection of jobs at high-cost mills throughout northern communities, as well as for common shareholders.  However, the company's operations remained diversified after reorganization, and the proportion of Canadian ownership was higher after the receivership ended than it was in 1932.
Disposal to KVP and aftermath.  In that regard, it encouraged negotiations between Abitibi and Kalamazoo Vegetable Parchment Company of Parchment, Michigan, which resulted in the sale of Abitibi's Spanish River facility (at that time its largest non-economic asset) in 1943.  It subsequently resumed operation as the KVP Company.  The order was appealed all the way to the Supreme Court of Canada without success. In 1950, the injunction was dissolved by an Act of the provincial legislature, which provided for any subsequent disputes with KVP to be taken to arbitration,  which, together with other legislative changes,  effectively curtailed chances for any further injunctions to be issued. Emerging from bankruptcy, the company prospered in the post-World War II industrial boom and in 1965 changed its name to the Abitibi Paper Company Ltd. However, significant competition from producers in the southern United States, starting in 1945, resulted in them providing for 29% of all newsprint demand by 1955,  although Canadian and northern US overcapacity resulted in overall prices remaining low.  From 1956 to 1970, Abitibi's capacity utilization rate trailed the Canadian industry average, indicating that it was running at higher-than-average costs.
 It opted to expand through acquisition, as its present capacity was relatively fixed and aging, and new investment would require a return on investment of 8%10% in the economic climate of the early 1970s. Its first acquisition elsewhere in the industry occurred in 1968, when it took over Cox Newsprint and Cox Woodlands, both subsidiaries of Cox Enterprises, and thus gained a foothold in the southern US. The merger of Abitibi and Price Brothers created the world's biggest newsprint producer, and in 1979 it changed its name to Abitibi-Price.The pulp and paper industry comprises companies that use wood as raw material and produce pulp, paper, paperboard and other cellulose-based products. See also: Paper machine and Papermaking. The pulp is fed to a paper machine where it is formed as a paper web and the water is removed from it by pressing and drying. Pressing the sheet removes the water by force. Once the water is forced from the sheet, a special kind of felt, which is not to be confused with the traditional one, is used to collect the water. Whereas, when making paper by hand, a blotter sheet is used instead. Drying involves using air or heat to remove water from the paper sheets. In the earliest days of paper making, this was done by hanging the sheets like laundry. In more modern times, various forms of heated drying mechanisms are used. On the paper machine, the most common is the steam heated can dryer. History of the paper industry. The commercial planting of domesticated mulberry trees to make pulp for papermaking is attested as early as the 6th century.  Due to advances in printing technology, the Chinese paper industry continued to grow under the Song dynasty to meet the rising demand for printed books.  The first mechanised paper machine was installed at Frogmore Paper Mill, Apsley, Hertfordshire in 1803, followed by another in 1804.  The site operates currently as a museum. Main article: Environmental impact of paper.
The pulp and paper industry has been criticized by environmental groups like the Natural Resources Defense Council for unsustainable deforestation and clearcutting of old-growth forest.  The industry trend is to expand globally to countries like Russia, China and Indonesia with low wages and low environmental oversight. On the other hand, the situation is quite different where forest growth has been on the increase for a number of years. It is estimated for instance that since 1990 forests have grown in Europe by 17 million hectares,  which has been supported through the practice of sustainable forest management by the industry. In Sweden, for every tree that is felled, two are planted. The pulp and paper industry consumes a significant amount of water and energy and produces wastewater with a high concentration of chemical oxygen demand (COD), among other contaminants.  Recent studies underline coagulation as an appropriate pre-treatment of pulp and paper industrial wastewater and as a cost-effective solution for the removal of COD and the reduction of pressures on the aquatic environment. Current production volumes and sales.
The industry is dominated by North American (United States and Canada), northern European (Finland, Sweden, and North-West Russia) and East Asian countries (such as East Siberian Russia, China, Japan, and South Korea). Australasia and Brazil also have significant pulp and paper enterprises. The industry also has a significant presence in a number of European countries including Germany, Portugal, Italy, the Netherlands and Poland. The United States had been the world's leading producer of paper until it was overtaken by China in 2009. List of main countries by production quantity.According to data from Statista, China produced 110 million metric tons in 2018 followed by the US with 72 million. The item "RARE Real Photo LOT of 3 Espanola Ontario Canada Paper Mill Constr c 1910 RPPC" is in sale since Sunday, November 28, 2021. This item is in the category "Collectibles\Postcards & Supplies\Postcards\Topographical Postcards". The seller is "dalebooks" and is located in Rochester, New York.
This item can be shipped worldwide.